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Securing a VA Rating for Back Spasms: What You Need to Know

October 17, 2023

Back spasms are a common symptom experienced by many individuals, particularly veterans who have served in physically demanding roles. These spasms can greatly impact one's quality of life and ability to perform daily tasks. While disability benefits for service-related injuries are available, navigating the VA rating for back spasms can be complex and overwhelming.

In this article, we will explore the factors that the VA considers when evaluating back spasms and provide valuable tips on how to maximize your chances of receiving the appropriate compensation. After all, understanding the regulations is crucial in ensuring that veterans are adequately supported in their post-service lives.

How VA Rates Back Spasms

The VA employs a specific rating schedule to assess the severity of a veteran's back spasms. This schedule is aimed at determining the extent of the disability and, thereby, the appropriate compensation. Here's a breakdown of the rating schedule:

  • 10% - Minor limitation of motion accompanied by occasional episodes of pain.

  • 20% - Moderate limitation of motion with frequent pain episodes.

  • 30% - Marked motion limitation or constant pain.

  • 40% - Severe motion limitation or pain so intense it hampers the ability to work.

  • 50% - Complete ankylosis of the spine or pain so debilitating it prevents work entirely.

VA Evaluation of Back Spasms

The process of evaluating back spasms by the VA is thorough, delving deep into the veteran's overall health status, the severity of the spasms, and how they affect daily life. Here's what goes into this meticulous evaluation:

  • Medical History Review: This involves a deep dive into the veteran's health records, focusing on details about the back spasms, like when they began, how often they occur, and their intensity. Additionally, the VA scours for any other health issues that might be intensifying the back pain.

  • Physical Examination: A hands-on assessment where the VA checks things like how well the veteran can move, the level of pain, and muscle strength. Sometimes, they'll use imaging tests (think X-rays or MRIs) to visually inspect the spine.

  • Daily Life Impact: Here, the VA gets personal, asking about the nitty-gritty of the veteran's daily routine. They’re interested in how the back spasms influence everyday tasks — everything from walking, standing, and sitting to how they affect the veteran's job.

  • Mental Health Check: Chronic pain doesn't just affect the body; it can take a toll on the mind too. So, the VA might inquire about any emotional distress, like stress or anxiety, possibly triggered by the ongoing back pain.

  • Age: Because back spasms might affect people differently depending on their age.

  • Current Job: Some occupations might aggravate back issues, and the VA takes this into consideration.

  • Other Health Problems: If back spasms come with other medical buddies like radiculopathy or spinal stenosis, that could bump up the disability rating.

Symptoms of Back Spasms

  • Mild to Severe Pain: This is the primary symptom of back spasms. The pain can vary, starting as a minor annoyance and escalating to an unbearable level that demands immediate attention. The nature of the pain might also differ among individuals; it can be sharp, stabbing, or more like a constant, dull ache.

  • Restricted Mobility: Individuals experiencing back spasms often find their range of motion severely limited. Simple tasks like bending to pick something up, standing from a seated position, or even turning to look behind can trigger immense pain, leading to a reluctance or outright inability to perform these movements.

  • Muscle Tightness: Alongside pain, there's often a noticeable tightness or stiffness in the muscles. The back might feel rigid, with muscles tense and hard to the touch, especially during a spasm.

  • Involuntary Muscle Movements: When a spasm occurs, the muscles contract suddenly and involuntarily. This can sometimes be visible under the skin and is typically accompanied by a sudden burst of pain.

  • Impact on Daily Activities: Back spasms can disrupt one's daily routine significantly. Activities like driving, sitting at a desk, lifting small objects, or participating in recreational activities become challenging and painful. This disruption can extend to interference with sleep due to discomfort and an inability to find a pain-free position.

  • Emotional Effects: Chronic pain from frequent back spasms doesn't just affect the body; it impacts the mind as well. Sufferers might experience mood swings, anxiety, depression, or irritability, primarily due to persistent pain and its limitations.

  • Variability of Symptoms: It's important to note that symptoms might not be consistent. Sufferers may have good days with minimal to no pain, and bad days where the spasms are frequent and intensely painful.

Medical Records Requirements

  • Complete Medical History: It's crucial for veterans to provide a full medical history that clearly documents the onset, duration, and intensity of their back spasms. The more detailed the records, the more accurately the VA can assess the severity and potential service connection of the condition.

  • Diverse Sources of Medical Records: Evidence can come from various healthcare providers, including:

    • Records from service period medical facilities.

    • Documentation from civilian doctors who've treated the veteran post-discharge.

    • Hospital admission and discharge summaries, if applicable.

    • Notes and treatment records from physical therapists or chiropractors highlighting the chronic nature or severity of the condition.

    • Imaging studies (X-rays, MRIs, CT scans) that offer objective insights into the veteran’s spinal health.

    • Expert opinions and reports from pain management specialists.

    • Detailed logs of medications prescribed, especially those for pain management or muscle relaxation.

    • Any records indicating treatments received, including surgeries, physical therapy, alternative therapies, etc.

  • Importance of Detailed Records: The VA relies on these comprehensive records to gauge the severity of the back spasms and their impact on the veteran's daily functionality. Thorough medical documentation can expedite the evaluation process and provide a strong foundation for the disability claim.

Diagnostic Code Requirements

The primary diagnostic code used by the VA for back spasms is 5295. Knowing this is essential because it forms the basis of eligibility and subsequent rating calculations for back spasms-related disability claims.

However, back spasms may occur alongside other medical conditions, necessitating the application of additional diagnostic codes:

  • For radiculopathy, characterized by nerve pain or numbness, the relevant diagnostic code is 8630.

  • For spinal stenosis, involving a narrowing of the spinal canal that can cause severe pain or mobility issues, the relevant diagnostic code is 8102.

The VA uses these diagnostic codes not just to categorize a veteran's health condition but also to determine the appropriate disability rating and benefits. Therefore, understanding and ensuring the correct diagnostic codes are applied is crucial for a fair assessment and just compensation.

Combined Range of Motion and Strength Deficits

  • Impact on Functionality: The VA comprehensively evaluates any restrictions in range of motion (ROM) and deficits in strength because these factors can significantly limit a veteran's daily activities and overall quality of life.

  • Rating Schedule for ROM and Strength Deficits: The VA's rating system for musculoskeletal conditions takes into account the severity of combined ROM and strength deficits. Specifically, diagnostic code 5291 pertains to these deficits in the lumbar spine, with the following ratings:

    • 10% disability is assigned for slight limitations in motion or minor weakness.

    • 20% disability is given for moderate motion limitations or moderate weakness.

    • 30% disability is recognized for marked motion limitations or significant weakness.

    • 40% disability is allocated for severe restrictions in motion or profound weakness.

    • 50% disability is designated for cases where the spine is completely immobilized (total ankylosis) or when pain severely impairs the ability to work.

  • Significance of Accurate Assessment: These evaluations are crucial because they directly influence the level of compensation a veteran receives. Accurate assessments of ROM and strength deficits ensure that veterans are fairly compensated for the limitations they experience.

Time in Service Requirements

  • Discharge Status: Eligibility for VA disability benefits primarily requires that a veteran must have been discharged or released from service under honorable conditions. The character of the discharge can significantly impact a veteran's eligibility for benefits.

  • No Minimum Service Duration: There's no specific minimum time-in-service requirement to be eligible for VA disability benefits. All service members discharged under honorable conditions may apply for benefits if they believe they have service-connected disabilities.

  • Influence of Service Length on Disability Rating: Although there's no minimum, the duration of a veteran's service may influence the disability rating they receive. For instance:

    • A short service duration might lead the VA to be more cautious in assigning higher disability ratings, especially if the condition in question isn't commonly linked to military service.

    • Conversely, veterans with longer service periods might more easily receive higher disability ratings for conditions likely to have developed or worsened due to their military service.

  • Emphasis on Service Connection: The key factor remains the service connection of the disability. Even with shorter service, if a veteran can definitively link their disability to their service, they may still receive a significant disability rating.

Active Duty Status for Claimant

"Active duty" refers to a period during which service members are in full-time service in the military. This can include training periods (basic training and technical training), transfers between posts, and all periods of service during wartime or peacetime.

For a veteran to be eligible for VA disability benefits, the injury or condition that led to their disability must have occurred or been aggravated while they were on active duty. This establishes a direct "service connection," a crucial factor in VA claims.

In some cases, a condition that manifests after active service may still be considered service-connected if it's a late-onset condition linked to an event or exposure that occurred during active duty. This highlights the importance of thorough medical examinations and record-keeping.

Conditions Eligible for VA Rating of Back Spasms

Not all back-related issues qualify for a VA rating for back spasms. The eligibility criteria encompass a range of spinal complications, each with its unique implications and documentation requirements. Let's explore these conditions in more detail.

Entire Thoracolumbar Spine Involvement

This refers to conditions that affect the entire thoracolumbar spine, encompassing both the thoracic (middle and upper) and lumbar (lower) sections of the spine. Such widespread spinal issues often result in significant functional impairment, limiting range of motion and possibly affecting the ability to stand, walk, or sit for prolonged periods.

The VA acknowledges the severity of full thoracolumbar spine conditions, particularly when they result from or are aggravated by military service. Comprehensive medical documentation demonstrating the extent of the condition and its impact on daily living is crucial for compensation.

Intervertebral Disc Syndrome

This syndrome is characterized by problems with the discs situated between the vertebrae, such as degenerative disc disease or herniated discs. Patients typically experience intense, recurrent pain, potentially with numbness or tingling if nerve impingement occurs.

The VA offers compensation for intervertebral disc syndrome when it's service-connected. Medical records indicating the chronicity of pain, treatments attempted, and any procedures or imaging studies (like MRIs) confirming the diagnosis are essential.

Vertebral Fracture or Chronic Condition

This category includes specific types of spinal fractures or long-lasting (chronic) spinal conditions. Conditions might include spondylolisthesis, spinal stenosis, or ankylosing spondylitis, along with acute vertebral fractures resulting from service-related incidents.

If these conditions are directly traceable to an event during military service or a pre-existing condition worsened by service, they likely qualify for compensation. Detailed service records, medical imaging, and a list of treatments are vital for substantiation.

Nerve Damage in the Entire Thoracolumbar Spine

This involves extensive nerve damage or neuropathy in the thoracolumbar spine, potentially arising from conditions like severe disc herniation or spinal trauma. Besides pain, this may include symptoms like weakness, numbness, or even paralysis in severe cases. It might also affect other bodily functions if nerves controlling the bowel or bladder are involved.

The VA recognizes the gravity of extensive spinal nerve damage, especially when it impairs other body systems. Establishing eligibility requires thorough neurological assessments, diagnostic imaging, and a clear demonstration of a link to service activities or incidents.

Establishing Service Connection for Back Spasms

When seeking VA disability benefits for back spasms, it's not just about identifying the condition, but also linking it directly to one's time in the military. The VA requires this "service connection" to ensure that disability benefits are provided to those whose conditions truly stem from their military service. Here's how you can effectively establish that connection:

  • Documentation from Service Period: One of the strongest pieces of evidence is medical documentation from the time of service. This could be in the form of medical reports, doctor's notes, or even hospital records that indicate an injury or onset of symptoms during service.

  • Post-Service Medical Records: Consistent medical treatment or visits for back spasms after leaving the military can strengthen the claim. This shows that the issue persisted or worsened after service, implying a connection.

  • Buddy Statements: These are statements from fellow servicemembers, friends, or family who can attest to the veteran's condition and its relation to their service. For instance, a peer might recall a specific incident during training or combat when the veteran injured their back.

  • Expert Medical Opinions: Sometimes, it's helpful to have a medical expert write a letter or provide a statement. They can professionally opine that the back spasms are as likely as not (or even more likely) related to specific events or conditions during the veteran's military service.

  • Service Records: While medical records are vital, sometimes service records can provide context. For example, if a veteran was involved in heavy lifting duties, combat roles, or other physically demanding tasks, it could correlate with the onset of back issues.


Securing a VA rating for back spasms can be life-changing for affected veterans and reservists, offering not just financial assistance but also access to necessary healthcare resources. Understanding the criteria and assembling a well-documented case are key steps toward receiving the benefits you deserve for your service and sacrifice.

Are you wondering if you can work with a 100% VA disability rating? Unravel the specifics about employment possibilities and restrictions with our comprehensive guide.

Michael Blair contributes his expertise to help veterans access government benefits and resources. Through his informative articles and guides, he plays a vital role in empowering veterans and improving their quality of life.
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